DESAIN DIDAKTIS MATERI PECAHAN KELAS IV SEKOLAH DASAR MENGGUNAKAN PEMBELAJARAN REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION (RME)

Authors

  • Nandang STKIP Sebelas April Sumedang

Keywords:

Desain Didaktis, Learning Obstacles, Hypothetical Learning Trajectory, Realistic Mathematics Education, Pecahan

Abstract

Pecahan merupakan salah satu materi penting yang harus dipelajari siswa. Pecahan mulai dipelajari siswa di sekolah dasar, namun hambatan belajar atau learning obstacles pada materi ini sering ditemukan dan dialami siswa. Dengan demikian, tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menyusun desain didaktis materi pecahan berdasarkan learning obstacles yang dialami dan hypothetical learning trajectoryyang dilalui siswa. Desain didaktis materi pecahan ini didasarkan pula pada pembelajaran Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) mengingat pecahan sangat dekat dengan kehidupan nyata siswa. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam tiga langkah yaitu penyusunan desain didaktis awal, pengimplementasian desain didaktis, dan analisis retrospektif untuk memperoleh desain didaktis akhir. Hal tersebut sesuai dengan alur dalam penelitian Didactical Design Research (DDR). Hasil dari penelitian ini berupa suatu desain didaktis alternatif yang dapat digunakan dalam pembelajaran matematika sekolah dasar materi pecahan kelas IV. Desain didaktis yang disusun terdiri dari delapan desain yang dimuat dalam lima buah Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS).

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Published

2018-08-07